What is back-drilling technology?

FAQ about printed circuit boardsTERMINOLOGY

For highfrequency applications we need to prevent signal loss and therefore when onelayer is connected to another and the signal travels from one layer to anotherit must pass through a via hole that connects the layers. If the signal is topass layer one to layer two in a 20 layer board, for example, then part of thevia structure is considered as ‘excess’ and for this application it is best to remove the excess copper from this hole as it actsas an antenna and impacts the signal.

We use back-drilling (controlled depth in z-axis) to drill out the ‘excess’ copper in the hole in order to get better signal stability. Ideally the shorter the stub (‘excess’ copper) then the better the result. Back-drill size should be typically 0.2mm larger than corresponding via.

Illustration of counter bore and back drilling technology.
A: Depth tolerance+/-0.20+/-0.15+/-0.10
B: Min. remain thickness and tolerance0.5+/-0.250.35+/-0.10.3+/-0.1